Der Embraer 190 und die gestrecke Version Embraer 195 sind die größten Modelle der E-Jet-Familie. Kunde ist unter anderem Lufthansa.
Regional airliner (Regionalverkehrsflugzeug)
Av. Brig. Faria Lima 2170
12227-901 Sao José dos Campos
At the Paris Air Show in June 1999, Crossair was presented as launch customer for the ERJ-ERJ-190 with a firm order for 30 aircraft. By now the Embraer 190 has attracted more than double the number of orders as the first member of the E-Jet family, the 170. By the end of September 2008 Embraer had 434 firm orders and 460 options for the 190, of which 181 were delivered by then. Customers are:
- Aero Republica: 5
- Aeromexico: 12
- Air Canada: 45
- Air Caraibes: 1
- Air Moldova: 1
- Azul: 5
- Copa: 15
- ECC Leasing: 1
- Finnair: 13
- GECAS: 23
- Hainan: 50
- JetBlue: 104
- Jetscape: 9
- KLM: 10
- Kun Peng: 5
- LAM: 2
- Lufthansa: 18
- M1 Travel: 8
- NAS Air: 10
- Niki: 5
- Regional: 11
- Taca: 11
- TAME: 3
- US Airways: 42
- Virgin Blue: 18
- Virgin Nigeria: 3
- Undisclosed: 4
The ERJ-190 was to have a price tag of 24 million US-Dollars. The 2003 price for the Embraer 190 was reported at 29,6 million US-Dollars.
Development cost for the ERJ-170, ERJ-190 and ERJ-190-200 was put at 850 million US-Dollars at the time of the launch announcement in June 1999.
The ERJ-170/190 was a new-design regional jet from Embraer to expand its portfolio into a larger seat class from the ERJ-135/140/145 family. The company is aiming for very attractive acquisition value and low operating costs. It claims to provide the best balance between comfort, weight and performance.
As usual, the Brazilian manufacturer works with many risk sharing partners, including:
- C& D Interiors: This UK company will design, develop and manufacture the aircraft interior
- Gamesa: Rear fuselage and vertical and horizontal tail surfaces
- General Electric: CF34-10E engines, including the nacelles. GE was selected in preference of the Pratt & Whitney Canada/Snecma SPW14 and Allison AE3012
- Hamilton Sundstrand: development and production of the tail cone, APU, electrical systems and air management system
- Honeywell: Primus Epic avionics
- Kawasaki: aircraft wing stub, engine pylon, fixed leading and trailing edge assemblies, flaps, spoilers and teh wing's flight control surfaces
- Latecoere: manufacture of teh center I and center III fuselage sections
- Liebherr: designing, developing and manufacturing the landing gear assemblies, working with EDE (Embraer Divisao Equipamentos)
- Parker Hannifin: development and manufacture of hydraulic, flight control and fuel systems.
- Sonaca: Wing slats
The ERJ-190 and ERJ-190-200 differed from the ERJ-170 by possessing a stretched fuselage, longer wingspan, higher-rated engines and strengthened landing gear. At the time of the Roll-out of the 170 the ERJ designation was dropped and the ERJ-190-200 referred to as the Embraer 195.
In 1998, Embraer began studies on a new regional jet in the 70/90-seat category. It approached 46 regional airlines and performed in-depth investigations on trends in North America, Europe and Asia. This indicated a near-term need and a market potential of approximately 2500 aircraft in the next ten years.
On February 11, 1999, Embraer announced the "pre-launch" of a programme to develop a new airliner for the 61-80 seat niche. This was seen as a move to signal the intention to compete in a market where Bombardier and Fairchild Aerospace had a head start with development programmes already under way. Requests for proposals were issued to 85 leading worldwide aerospace manufacturers concerning risk-sharing partnerships.
The definitive launch of the ERJ-170/ERJ-190 was announced in June 1999, at the Paris Air Show. This decision rested mainly on a decisive victory scored over the competition as Swiss regional carrier Crossair formally signed a 4,9 billion US-Dollar agreement on June 14 for ERJ-145s, ERJ-170s and ERJ-190s.
On 30. September 1999, Embraer announced its main risk sharing partners. This followed a six month evaluation period of 58 bids. Meanwhile, the third ERJ-170/190 Advisory Bard meeting with representatives form 20 regional airlines was held in Paris on September 16/17. Six working groups were established to give inputs on payload systems, performance and operation, electrical and avionics systems, propulsion systems, mechanical systems and maintenance procedures.
The Embraer 190 is stretched by 6,34 m and features a wingspan increased by 2,72 m compared to the 170. After the demise of Crossair JetBlue became the new launch customer with a record order of 100 aircraft. The prototype was rolled out on 9 February 2004 and first flew on 12 March 2004. CTA certification was achieved on 30 August 2005. The FAA followed on 2 September 2005. JetBlue took over the first aircraft in the same month. In May 2007 the Embraer 190 gained ETOPS approval for 75 minutes.
The 190 has become the best-selling model of the E-Jet family. Lately, Lufthansa ordered the type as well.